Many states have incorporated e-bikes into their traffic codes and regulated them similarly to traditional bicycles. These vehicle codes dictate where e-bikes are allowed on road, bike lanes, bike paths, or other hard-surface bicycle infrastructure. These vehicle codes do not apply to electric mountain bike access on trails typically used for hiking, biking, and other singletrack and doubletrack trail experiences. Electric mountain bike access on singletrack is different than access to paved and soft surface bike lanes and bike paths. Electric mountain bikes are not allowed everywhere traditional mountain bikes are; and access varies significantly on federal, state, county and local trails.
Read state-by-state regulations
Due to the classification of e-bikes as a motorized vehicle, eMTBs must stay on trails that are opened to mixed use and avoid non-motorized trails, unless the local or state land management agency has decided to allow eMTBs on non-motorized trails (for example, in state parks in Pennsylvania, Utah, and Colorado).